Findings

If I had more time, I would have written a shorter letter

Introducing Findings: The Newsletter.

Welcome to our newsletter, bringing you the latest findings from the community of researchers who publish in Findings.

Findings is an interdisciplinary, independent, community-led, peer-reviewed, open access journal focused on short, clear, and pointed research results.

This month our big news is the launch of the new section: Urban Findings. Transport Findings continues in parallel. Energy and Resilience Findings will launch later this year.

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Launching Urban Findings

We announce the launch of a new section of Findings: Urban Findings, continuing model of short, to-the-point research findings in the broad field of urbanism. The Editorial Board is here, along with an inaugural set of papers here.

At the start of the process, we sent out a call for papers, through our Editorial Board members. We thank them for generously putting in their own time and effort towards these papers, reaching out to their networks and students for contributions, and generously helping out with the review process. This is more so because this process unfolded in a time that was extremely busy for every academic round the globe, as we grappled with the new shifted reality of combining online and face-to-face teaching, and the new reality of virtual conferences.

The papers focus on a diverse set of issues around Urbanism. The application and novel use of new sources of data, and the development of models and methods in quantitative urbanism is growing by leaps and bounds, as these papers demonstrate. A topical theme was COVID-19, to which we all have been witnesses this past year, and which has understandably, and will in the future continue to, change the way in which we think of cities. The papers span broad application and method areas, from model based creation and evaluation of synthetic cities, to empirical research on people, cities, and housing, across Australia, the US, and Canada, large scale survey design and application, and even meta-analyses such as tracking the presence of Urbanism on social media, and the interaction of climate change and housing. Also observed in the papers is the recurring theme of the close interaction between transport and locational behaviours, and the resulting areas of land use and transport interactions – we truly cannot think of cities without thinking of location (urban) and movement (transport) as an integrated whole. This brings us full circle to the reason why we thought Urban Findings should sit under a common umbrella with Transport Findings.

So, along with the launch, this is a call out for regular submissions to Urban Findings (and Transport Findings), for short, to-the-point research focussed on cities. We look forward to some excellent work!

Urban Findings

COVID-19 related Attitudes and Risk Perceptions across Urban, Rural, and Suburban Areas in the United States

Rishabh Singh Chauhan Denise Capasso da Silva Deborah Salon Ali Shamshiripour Ehsan Rahimi Uttara Sutradhar Sara KhoeiniAbolfazl (Kouros) Mohammadian Sybil Derrible Ram Pendyala

An online longitudinal survey of more than 9000 individuals tests attitudes and risk perceptions for an ongoing pandemic across a diverse geographic context for the US.

What Will The Post-Pandemic City Look Like?

Michael Batty

A post-pandemic city is simulated and modelled by locking down 80% of workers to work-from-home situations and then gradually relaxing constraints to explore a new equilibrium city form.

Modeling Urban Morphology by Unifying Diffusion-Limited Aggregation and Stochastic Gravitation

Diego Rybski Yunfei Li Stefan Born Jürgen P. Kropp

Two classical models of urban growth, Diffusion Limited Aggregation and Stochastic Gravitation Model, are combined and compared to model real cities.

What are Urban Planning Academics Talking About on Twitter?

Thomas W. Sanchez

Tweet data is mined and tweet content is analysed to study the range of scholarly and other topics that urban planning academics discuss on social media.

Are We Happy in Densely Populated Environments? Assessing the Impacts of Density on Subjective Well-Being, Quality of Life, and Perceived Health in Montreal, Canada.

Anastasia Belikow James DeWeese Léa Ravensbergen Yan Kestens Ahmed El-Geneidy

The connection between urban residential density and the subjective perception of wellbeing of residents is tested.

Airbnb during COVID-19 and what this tells us about Airbnb’s Impact on Rental Prices

William Thomas Thackway Christopher James Pettit

The effect of an ongoing pandemic on the Airbnb market in Sydney is studied, focussing on the impact to rental supply and rents

Understanding Residential Relocation Choices in Coastal Cities in the Face of Climate Change

Haiyun Wang Glen Searle Siqin Wang Yan Liu

A survey studies the connections between socio-economic background, perceptions of flooding, and residents relocation choices in Queensland, Australia.

Transport Findings

July 07, 2021 AEST

The Disparity in Transit Travel Time between Koreans and Japanese in 1930s Colonial Seoul

Youngjoon KimJinhyung LeeJunghwan KimNaoto Nakajima

This study finds a disparity in transit-based travel time between colonial rulers (Japanese) and subjects (Koreans) in Colonial Seoul (Keijo) in 1936.

A Comprehensive Transit Accessibility and Equity Dashboard

Willem Klumpenhouwer Jeff Allen Lisa Li Rick LiuMitchell Robinson Diego Da Silva Steven Farber Alex Karner Dana Rowangould Amer Shalaby Mary Buchanan Steven Higashide

The TransitCenter Equity Dashboard tracks how well transit systems in seven urban regions in the United States serve their riders.

Increasing Returns to Scale in Carpool Matching: Evidence froScoop

Lewis Lehe Vikash V. Gayah Ayush Pandey

Data from Scoop, a carpooling app, is used to demonstrate scale economies across various markets. As carpool requests rise, accepted matches rise, while distance declines.

The Impact of COVID-19 on the Movement of Trucks Between Canada and the US: Evidence from the Ambassador Bridge

Hanna Maoh William Anderson

The volume of trucks crossing the Ambassador Bridge (busiest land border in Canada) dropped during the first two months of the pandemic, but by May reached higher than normal levels.

Equity Principles Highlight Variations in Road Network Criticality

Jin Rui Yap Bramka Arga Jafino Trivik Verma

Four different equity principles on road network criticality present significant variations in criticality rankings and spatial distribution of critical links when using different equity principles in 22 countries.

Travel Levels Before and After COVID-19 Control Measures in Cambridge, UK

Richard Patterson David Ogilvie Jenna Panter

In most cases walking and cycling remained below pre-lockdown levels, while motor vehicle use was similar to pre-lockdown conditions in Cambridge, UK.

How Stable Are Transport-Related Attitudes over Time?

Laura Mirtich Matthew Wigginton Conway Deborah Salon Peter Kedron Rishabh Singh Chauhan Sybil Derrible Sara Khoeini Abolfazl (Kouros) Mohammadian Ehsan Rahimi Ram Pendyala

The COVID Future survey, which include responses over 11 months, finds attitudes about COVID-19 are particularly stable, while those about remote work and communication are the least stable.

The Effect of Transit Signal Priority on Bus Rapid Transit Headway Adherence

Gregory S. Macfarlane Michael H. Sheffield Logan S. Bennett Grant G. Schultz

Transit signal priority (TSP) significantly improves headway adherence, controlling for peak times, direction, and dwell time. Requiring the bus to be 2 minutes late before requesting TSP improves adherence.

Local Business Perception vs. Mobility Behavior of Shoppers: A Survey from Berlin

Dirk von Schneidemesser Jody Betzien

Traders overestimate car use and underestimate active transport. Further, potential customers more often live close to their shopping destinations than retailers perceive.

How are Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Associated with Traveler Behavior During the Pandemic?

Denise Capasso da Silva Sara Khoeini Deborah Salon Matthew W. Conway Rishabh S. Chauhan Ram M. Pendyala Ali Shamshiripour Ehsan Rahimi Tassio Magassy Abolfazl (Kouros) Mohammadian Sybil Derrible

Those primarily concerned about the pandemic response used cars more, while those equally concerned about the pandemic response and the health effects of COVID-19 used bikes and transit the most.

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